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                家長在家應該如何輔導孩子寫作文

                作者:第一作文 來源:WWw.GaozhoNgzuowen.cn 時間:2018-12-20 字體: 手機瀏覽
                如何輔導孩子寫作文
                             
                        家長在家應該如何輔導孩子寫作文
                一是寫作之外的氛圍營造,叫家庭共讀。

                家庭共讀的意思就是孩子看什么你看什么,你不用都看,但是你得幫他挑書,得確保知道他看的是什么,他最近正在讀的是什么?這樣的好處,一個是培養孩子的閱讀興趣,你也看,他也看,他就會愛看,你對他看的書嗤之以鼻,就會傷害他的閱讀興趣。另外如果家里有一個固定的全家閱讀時間,那是最好的,這個時間里,爸爸、媽媽和孩子,每個人抱著一本書,大家形成一個一起讀書的氛圍,利用一個移情的關系,增進對讀書的刺激。家庭共讀還有一個好處是制造了討論的契機,因為大家都愛看書,那他的書你還看過,你們就可以經常圍繞這個書來進行討論。
                二是為孩子準備素材。

                當然你可以給很多素材,但是你給出這么多素材的時候,必須強調一點,這一點就是——只能選一個寫。

                所以給素材的第一步,是可以給很多素材,第二步是選出一個素材來寫。你要非常小心地以討論的方式來幫他確定最終的選材,如果孩子不知道怎么選,你就跟他討論,你覺得哪一個素材內部的層次更多呢,更好寫呢?最后就選哪一個。切忌一篇作文里面塞三四個事件,一般小學畢業生的作文通常要求一事一理,從四五年級開始,記敘文就會要求詳寫一件事,所以家長在給素材的時候,一定要符合學校的要求,既給素材,又不能給孩子造成混淆,所以給素材的原則是不可以簡單粗暴,要盡可能地打開思路,又要盡快地確定目標。
                三是提示寫作內容。

                是提示情節呢,還是提示細節?

                這個時候孩子會問的第二個問題是怎么寫呢?剛才說了要寫什么已經討論完了,那么怎么寫呢?這樣時候有的家長就又火大了,我不是已經告訴你寫什么了嗎,怎么又問我怎么寫呢,到底是你寫還是我寫呢,最后又變成家長口述了,說你要這么這么寫,先寫發生什么事,再發生什么事,后來是怎么樣,最后怎么樣,那這篇文章最后又變成家長寫的,所以這種方式叫做提示情節。那家長會說,我這么教有什么問題呢,我看學校老師也是這么教啊,這么一教不就能寫出來了嗎?提示情節當然對,也有幫助,但是這樣的家長和老師其實是偷懶的,所以要提出批評。其實你會發現經過了三四年級的訓練,從五年級開始,學生構造一定長度故事的能力已經不成問題了,那你在三四年級的時候這么教是對的,但是到了五六年級,當這個學生問你怎么寫的時候,他已經不僅僅要問的是怎么寫出來,而是怎么寫漂亮,那么你應該提示的就不是情節WWw.GaozhoNgzuowen.cn ,情節他可以自己生造,他的困難在哪呢?在細節。


                有人就會問說什么是細節?其實細節的定義到現在還是眾說紛紜,今天給大家一個特別簡單粗暴的定義,就是細節等于五感加心理,什么是五感呢?就是視聽嗅味觸這五種感覺,什么是心理呢?就是心理獨白,無言的情緒,人際感情這三方面。聽過思晨各年級的暑期課,暑秋課的人都知道我在講的是什么。那怎么提示細節?有兩個步驟,第一個步驟是學生口述情節,第二個步驟是你提示,在這個情節當中要有哪些五感和心理要補進去,然后孩子去寫。


                好,你現在已經給了素材,孩子自己也腦補了粗略的情節,你再提示了細節,下面通常孩子就開始動筆了。但是在動筆之前,孩子還會最后再問一個問題,看到這個問題,你千萬不要火大,相反你要非常開心,因為這是這個孩子在動筆之前的最后一個問題了。

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